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Grade 4 theory Italian & French terms (ABRSM)

This page contains the main Italian and French musical terms needed for ABRSM grade 4 theory.  Pupils are required to have memorised the English translations of the Italian and French terms, in addition to knowing the terms from the previous grades.

affettuoso

tenderly

affrettando

hurrying

amabile

amiable, pleasant

appassionato

with passion

calando

getting softer, dying away

cantando

singing

come

as, similar to (come prima – as before, come sopra – as above)

facile

easy

fuoco

fire

giusto

proper, exact (tempo giusto – in strict time)

l’istesso

the same (l’istesso temo – the same speed)

morendo

dying away

niente

nothing

nobilmente

nobly

perdendosi

dying away

possibile

possible (presto possibile – as fast as possible)

quasi

as if, resembling

sonoro

resonant, with rich tone

sopra

above

sotto

below (sotto voce – in an undertone)

veloce

swift

voce

voice

 

 

à

to, at

animé

animated, lively

assez

enough, sufficient

avec

with

cédez

yield, relax with speed

douce

sweet

en dehors

prominent (a direction to make a melody stand out)

et

and

légèrement

light

lent

slow

mais

but

moins

less

modéré

at a moderate speed

non

not

peu

little

plus

more

presser

hurry (en pressant – hurrying on)

ralentir

slow down

retenu

held back (en retenant – holding back, slowing a little)

sans

without

très

very

un / une

one

vif

lively

vite

quick

 

The links below provide more terms, including Italian, French and German, all needed to pass grade 5 theory.

Theory Pages
Main theory page
Grade 1 Italian terms
Grade 2 Italian terms
Grade 3 Italian terms
Grade 5 Italian and German terms
Performance directions for piano, strings and brass for pedals, bowing & mutes
Ornaments trill, mordent, turn, appoggiatura, acciaccatura, glissando, portamento
Degrees of the scale tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note
Orchestral Instruments brass, woodwind, strings, voices, clefs, transposition
ASBRM exam notes pass marks, exam durations, exam rules


Philip Bishop - theory lessons: 01372 454962 / 07950 235329

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