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Grade 5 theory Italian & German terms (ABRSM)

This page contains the main Italian and German musical terms needed for ABRSM grade 5 theory.  Pupils are required to have memorised the English translations of the Italian and German terms, in addition to knowing the terms from the previous grades.

attacca

go straight on to the next section of music

dolente

sad, mournful  

dolore

grief (doloroso: sorrowful)  

doppio movimento 

twice as fast  

estinto

as soft as possible, lifeless  

incalzando

getting quicker  

lacrimoso

sad  

loco

at the normal pitch (used often to cancel an 8va direction)  

lunga

long (lunga pausa: long pause)  

lusingando

coaxing, in a sweet and persuasive style

misura

measure (all misura: in strict time; senza misura: in free time)  

ossia

or, alternatively  

piacevole

pleasant  

piangevole

plaintive, in the style of a lament  

pochettino, poch. 

rather little  

rinforzando, rf, rfz 

reinforcing  

segue

go straight on  

smorzando, smorz. 

dying away in tone and speed  

teneramente, tenerezza 

tenderly, tenderness  

tosto 

swift, rapid (but often used in the same sense as troppo)  

volante

flying fast

 

 

aber

but

ausdruck

expression

bewegt

with movement, agitated

breit

broad, expansive

ein

a, one

einfach

simple

etwas

somewhat, rather

fröhlich

cheerful, joyful

immer

always

langsam

slow

lebhaft

lively

mässig

at a moderate speed

mit

with

nicht

not

ohne

without

ruhig

peaceful

schnell

fast

sehr

very

süss

sweet

traurig

sad

und

and

voll

full

wenig

little

wieder

again

zart

tender, delicate

zu

to, too

 

The links below provide more terms, including Italian, French and German, all needed to pass grade 5 theory.

Theory Pages
Main theory page
Grade 1 Italian terms
Grade 2 Italian terms
Grade 3 Italian terms
Grade 4 Italian and French terms
Performance directions for piano, strings and brass for pedals, bowing & mutes
Ornaments trill, mordent, turn, appoggiatura, acciaccatura, glissando, portamento
Degrees of the scale tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note
Orchestral Instruments brass, woodwind, strings, voices, clefs, transposition
ASBRM exam notes pass marks, exam durations, exam rules


Philip Bishop - theory lessons: 01372 454962 / 07950 235329

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